Family Tapaculos (Rhinocryptidae)


Brasilia Tapaculo (Scytalopus novacapitalis)


French: Mérulaxe de Brasilia German: Brasiliatapaculo Spanish: Churrín de Brasilia

Scytalopus indigoticus novacapitalis


, 1958,

Brasília, Distrito Federal, Brazil


Genetic data indicate that this species is sister to S. pachecoi#R; these two form a clade together with S. petrophilus and S. diamantinensis#R#R. See also S. speluncae. Monotypic.


S Brazil locally in E Goiás, Distrito Federal and W Minas Gerais.

Descriptive notes

11 cm; one male 19·2 g, two unsexed 15·6 g and 18·6 g. A small tapaculo with light underparts. Adult is dark bluish-grey above, lower back and rump... read more


Song, given in late morning, a repetition up to 1 minute long of “ewk” note at 2... read more


Swampy gallery forest, especially permanently flooded parts dominated by Blechnum ferns... read more

Food and feeding

Recorded food items include insects (pupae, larvae, small imagos), spiders, and centipedes (Chilopoda). Mainly terrestrial.


One specimen with active gonads in Jul. No further information.


Probably sedentary.

Status and conservation

ENDANGERED. Previously considered Near Threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Central Brazilian Hills and Tablelands EBA. Generally rare; locally common. Occurs at... read more

Recommended citation

Krabbe, N.K. & Schulenberg, T.S. (2020). Brasilia Tapaculo (Scytalopus novacapitalis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 29 February 2020).