Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Brazilian Ruby (Clytolaema rubricauda)


Taxonomy

French: Colibri rubis-émeraude German: Rubinkolibri Spanish: Colibrí colirrojo
Taxonomy:

Trochilus rubricauda

Boddaert

, 1783,

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

.

Sometimes placed in genus Heliodoxa; relationships unclear. Monotypic.

Distribution:

E Brazil from SE Bahia through S Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo to Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Paraná, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul.

Descriptive notes

10·8–11·3 cm; male 7–9·2g, female 5·9–7·1 g. Melanistic individuals frequently occur. Male has medium-sized black bill;... read more

Voice

Song is rendered “jig chrrrrrr....jig cherrrrrr...jig chrrrrrr”, while the most... read more

Habitat

Forest interior, scrub, parks and banana plantations of the central Brazilian and Atlantic regions... read more

Food and feeding

Nectar of native and introduced flowering shrubs, vines and trees, including Helicteris, Dombeya, Citrus, ... read more

Breeding

Nov–Mar. Cup-shaped nest of soft plant material, externally decorated with grey-green lichen, built on horizontal branch 3–10 m... read more

Movements

Sedentary, locally with some seasonal altitudinal dispersal.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Common throughout range, except in Bahia (where only recently recorded), and readily accepts man-made habitats like tree-filled gardens,... read more

Recommended citation

Schuchmann, K.L. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Brazilian Ruby (Clytolaema rubricauda). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/55530 on 19 February 2019).