Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Brazilian Ruby (Clytolaema rubricauda)


French: Colibri rubis-émeraude German: Rubinkolibri Spanish: Colibrí colirrojo

Trochilus rubricauda


, 1783,

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil


Sometimes placed in genus Heliodoxa; relationships unclear. Monotypic.


E Brazil from SE Bahia through S Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo to Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Paraná, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul.

Descriptive notes

10·8–11·3 cm; male 7–9·2g, female 5·9–7·1 g. Melanistic individuals frequently occur. Male has medium-sized black bill;... read more


Song is rendered “jig chrrrrrr....jig cherrrrrr...jig chrrrrrr”, while the most... read more


Forest interior, scrub, parks and banana plantations of the central Brazilian and Atlantic regions... read more

Food and feeding

Nectar of native and introduced flowering shrubs, vines and trees, including Helicteris, Dombeya, Citrus, ... read more


Nov–Mar. Cup-shaped nest of soft plant material, externally decorated with grey-green lichen, built on horizontal branch 3–10 m... read more


Sedentary, locally with some seasonal altitudinal dispersal.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Common throughout range, except in Bahia (where only recently recorded), and readily accepts man-made habitats like tree-filled gardens,... read more

Recommended citation

Schuchmann, K.L. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Brazilian Ruby (Clytolaema rubricauda). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 28 January 2020).