Family Swallows and Martins (Hirundinidae)

Least Concern

Brazza's Martin (Phedinopsis brazzae)


French: Hirondelle de Brazza German: Brazzaschwalbe Spanish: Golondrina del Congo

Phedina Brazzae


, 1886,

below Kwamouth, lower River Congo, DRCongo




S Congo, S DRCongo and NE Angola (N Lunda Norte). Range recently extended N to WC DRCongo (Salonga National Park) and S to W Angola (Cassongue area in Cuanza Sul)#R.

Descriptive notes

12 cm; 13 g. Plumage is dark brown above, darkest on head, with indistinct dark streaks from mantle to uppertail-coverts; wings and tail dark brown, tail square-ended;... read more




Forested rivers.

Food and feeding

Diet includes termites (Isoptera). Forages in flocks over rivers, sometimes with Cecropis abyssinica; flight slow and heavy.


End of dry season, Jul–Oct. Small, loose groups. Nest in burrow c. 50 cm long in riverbank or ditch, nest-chamber lined with dry... read more


No information; recorded E of 20° E only when breeding.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Data-deficient. Uncommon and local, with limited range. Probably subject to human predation.

Recommended citation

Turner, A. (2020). Brazza's Martin (Phedinopsis brazzae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 22 February 2020).