French: Bernache cravant German: Ringelgans Spanish: Barnacla carinegra
Other common names:
Brant, Light-bellied Brent, Atlantic Brent, American Brant (hrota),
Russian Brent (bernicla),
Pacific Brant (orientalis),
Black Brant (nigricans)
Subspecies and Distribution
B. b. hrota
(O. F. Müller, 1776) – Pale-bellied Brent Goose – N Canada, Greenland, Svalbard (Spitsbergen) and Franz Josef Land; winters in E USA and Ireland.
B. b. bernicla
(Linnaeus, 1758) – Dark-bellied Brent Goose – NC Siberia; winters in W Europe.
B. b. orientalis
Tugarinov, 1941 – NE Siberia; winters presumably along Pacific coast.
B. b. nigricans
(Lawrence, 1846) – Black-bellied Brent Goose – extreme NE Siberia to NC Canada; winters along Pacific coast of North America to Mexico, also E China and Japan.
55–66 cm; male 910–1810 g, female 850–1770 g; wingspan 110–125 cm. Unmistakable. Underparts vary from nearly black to very pale grey, and white... read more
Often silent. Most characteristic is hard, rolling “raunk, raunk” or softer “ronk”, uttered in... read more
Breeds in lowland Arctic tundra or wet coastal meadows, generally near coast (but up to 10 km... read more
Food and feeding
Essentially vegetarian; grasses, mosses, lichens and aquatic plants on breeding grounds; in winter, almost exclusively marine algae,... read more
Generally starts in Jun, between 6–12 days of arrival on breeding grounds, but considerable variation as follows: in W Siberia (77... read more
Long-distance migrant, with main wintering areas in NW Europe, E Asia (Yellow Sea) and Atlantic and... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Total world population of 400,000–500,000 birds during 1980s, with 170,000 B. b. bernicla wintering in W Europe (90,... read more
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