Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Broad-billed Hummingbird (Cynanthus latirostris)


Taxonomy

French: Colibri circé German: Blaukehl-Breitschnabelkolibri Spanish: Colibrí piquiancho común
Taxonomy:

Cynanthus latirostris

Swainson

, 1827,

tableland of Mexico; error = Valley of Mexico near Mexico City

.

A reported hybrid of present species and C. sordidus apparently refers to variation within adult male of latter. Documented hybrids with Amazilia violiceps and Eugenes fulgens suggest possible close relationship between these genera and Cynanthus. In the past and here, forms doubledayi and lawrencei treated as separate species (see those species); proposed race toroi represents specimens from zone of intergradation between propinquus and doubledayi. Racial differences mainly in male head coloration, though this may vary clinally, so number of valid races uncertain. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • C. l. magicus (Mulsant & J. P. Verreaux, 1872) – SW USA (mountains of S Arizona and SW New Mexico) S to CW Mexico (Nayarit).
  • C. l. latirostris Swainson, 1827 – mountains of C & E Mexico from San Luis Potosí and Tamaulipas S to N & W Veracruz.
  • C. l. propinquus R. T. Moore, 1939 – Guanajuato to N Michoacán, in C Mexico.
  • Descriptive notes

    9–10 cm; 3·2–4·4 g. Male has straight bill, bright red with black tip; crown, nape and back emerald-green; throat blue to violet-blue, rest of... read more

    Voice

    Song a repeated, very peculiar phrase, starting with a single, short, high-pitched liquid note,... read more

    Habitat

    In USA, rocky canyons in deserts where natural streams or springs support vegetation; common... read more

    Food and feeding

    Forages on floral nectars of flowering Agave, Caesalpinia, Castilleja and Opuntia; in winter in... read more

    Breeding

    Breeding occurs in USA during peak flowering seasons between Apr and Sept; in Mexico breeding variable, possibly extending from Dec to Aug... read more

    Movements

    Migratory in USA and extreme N Mexico (N Sonora to Nuevo León); resident elsewhere in its... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. CITES II. Common in USA; locally common to fairly common in Mexico. Despite use of a variety of habitats, their possible destruction may be a... read more

    Recommended citation

    Powers, D.R., Boesman, P. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Broad-billed Hummingbird (Cynanthus latirostris). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/55456 on 19 February 2019).