French: Rolle violet German: Zimtracke Spanish: Carraca picogorda
Other common names:
Subspecies and Distribution
E. g. afer
(Latham, 1790) – Senegal and Liberia E to Eritrea, S Sudan and Uganda (except NE), and S to Cabinda (N Angola) and W Kenya.
E. g. aethiopicus
Neumann, 1905 – Ethiopia.
E. g. suahelicus
Neumann, 1905 – S Somalia and NE Uganda S to Angola, N Botswana and NE South Africa; Zanzibar and Pemba I (off Tanzania).
E. g. glaucurus
(Statius Müller, 1776) – Madagascar; migrates to SE & EC Africa.
27–29 cm; male 94–166 g, female 84–149 g. Nominate race has head and upperparts cinnamon-rufous, rump and uppertail-coverts blue, wings dark purple-blue... read more
At rest typically gives 4–6 guttural, nasal, snarling or growling notes over period of 3–4 (... read more
Woodland, wooded grassland, and cultivated country with some tall trees; also large clearings and... read more
Food and feeding
Almost entirely larger insects, mostly ants and termites, also beetles, and some grasshoppers, bush-crickets, cockroaches, bees, wasps,... read more
Lays in Mar–Jul in W Africa, in Jan–Apr and Sept–Nov in E Africa, and in Sept–Dec in S Africa; breeds in Oct–... read more
Nominate race in Madagascar migrates after breeding to Africa, where present throughout much of... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Common and widespread in most of sub-Saharan Africa, and common throughout Madagascar except on the high plateau. Seasonal average density of 23... read more
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