Family New World Blackbirds (Icteridae)

Vulnerable

Bronze-brown Cowbird (Molothrus armenti)


Taxonomy

French: Vacher brun German: Zwergkuhstärling Spanish: Tordo chico
Taxonomy:

M[olothrus]. armenti

Cabanis

, 1851,

Cartagena, Colombia

.

Often considered conspecific with M. aeneus, but shows reduced sexual dichromatism and also differs vocally. Monotypic.

Distribution:

Caribbean coast of N Colombia (N Bolívar, Atlántico and Magdalena).

Descriptive notes

Male 18·6 cm, average 40·8 g; female 16 cm, average 30·7 g. A small cowbird with neck ruff. Male has head, back and underparts dark sepia with strong coppery iridescence,... read more

Voice

Male song during display an ascending, high-pitched “eez-eez-dzleeee”, with rasping or glassy tone... read more

Habitat

Occupies dry woodland with Prosopis juliflora, Acacia farnesiana and arborescent... read more

Food and feeding

Little information. Diet probably mostly arthropods and seeds; frequents farms and barnyards, and feeds on chicken food. Forages mostly on... read more

Breeding

Season May–Jul; fledged chicks seen in Jul. In “Song Spread” display, male lowers head, raises body feathers and spreads wings and tail... read more

Movements

Apparently resident.

Status and conservation

Not assessed. Classified as “endangered” in Colombia. Little known. Extremely local, and total population must be small. An old report from Leticia (Amazonian Colombia) is... read more

Recommended citation

Fraga, R. (2019). Bronze-brown Cowbird (Molothrus armenti). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/62294 on 24 August 2019).