Family Sunbirds (Nectariniidae)

Least Concern

Bronze Sunbird (Nectarinia kilimensis)


French: Souimanga bronzé German: Bronzenektarvogel Spanish: Suimanga bronceado

Nectarinia kilimensis


, 1885,

Kilimanjaro, Tanzania


See N. bocagii. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • N. k. gadowi Bocage, 1892 – highlands of WC Angola.
  • N. k. kilimensis Shelley, 1885 – highlands in E DRCongo, S Uganda, W & C Kenya, Rwanda, Burundi and N Tanzania.
  • N. k. arturi P. L. Sclater, 1906 – S & SE Tanzania, Malawi W of Rift Valley, extreme NE Zambia, E highlands of Zimbabwe and adjoining Mozambique.
  • Descriptive notes

    Male 22 cm, 13·5–19·9 g; female 12 cm, 11·7–16·7 g. Male nominate race has head, neck and upperparts golden-green, copper reflections on back to uppertail-coverts... read more


    Song variations on “jer-jooey, jer-jooey-jooey, jer-jooey-jooey, tik-tik, jer-jooey”, followed by “... read more


    Forest edges, woodland, scrub, cultivations and gardens, preferably with trees, at 1000–2350... read more

    Food and feeding

    Nectar and arthropods. Feeds on variety of plants, including mistletoes (Loranthaceae), giant lobelias (Lobelia), aloes (Aloe... read more


    Laying in Feb and Mar in Angola, in all months in DRCongo, Feb, Apr–Aug and Oct–Nov in Uganda, Nov–Aug in Kenya, Jan and... read more


    Apparently nomadic in relation to food supplies.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Common throughout most of range.

    Recommended citation

    Cheke, R. & Mann, C. (2019). Bronze Sunbird (Nectarinia kilimensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 26 August 2019).