Family Sunbirds (Nectariniidae)

Least Concern

Bronze Sunbird (Nectarinia kilimensis)


Taxonomy

French: Souimanga bronzé German: Bronzenektarvogel Spanish: Suimanga bronceado
Taxonomy:

Nectarinia kilimensis

Shelley

, 1885,

Kilimanjaro, Tanzania

.

See N. bocagii. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • N. k. gadowi Bocage, 1892 – highlands of WC Angola.
  • N. k. kilimensis Shelley, 1885 – highlands in E DRCongo, S Uganda, W & C Kenya, Rwanda, Burundi and N Tanzania.
  • N. k. arturi P. L. Sclater, 1906 – S & SE Tanzania, Malawi W of Rift Valley, extreme NE Zambia, E highlands of Zimbabwe and adjoining Mozambique.
  • Descriptive notes

    Male 22 cm, 13·5–19·9 g; female 12 cm, 11·7–16·7 g. Male nominate race has head, neck and upperparts golden-green, copper reflections on back to uppertail-coverts... read more

    Voice

    Song variations on “jer-jooey, jer-jooey-jooey, jer-jooey-jooey, tik-tik, jer-jooey”, followed by “... read more

    Habitat

    Forest edges, woodland, scrub, cultivations and gardens, preferably with trees, at 1000–2350... read more

    Food and feeding

    Nectar and arthropods. Feeds on variety of plants, including mistletoes (Loranthaceae), giant lobelias (Lobelia), aloes (Aloe... read more

    Breeding

    Laying in Feb and Mar in Angola, in all months in DRCongo, Feb, Apr–Aug and Oct–Nov in Uganda, Nov–Aug in Kenya, Jan and... read more

    Movements

    Apparently nomadic in relation to food supplies.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Common throughout most of range.

    Recommended citation

    Cheke, R. & Mann, C. (2019). Bronze Sunbird (Nectarinia kilimensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/60018 on 26 August 2019).