Family Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Least Concern

Bronze-winged Woodpecker (Colaptes aeruginosus)


French: Pic à ailes bronzées German: Veracruz-Olivmantelspecht Spanish: Carpintero tamaulipeco

Chrysopicus æruginosus


, 1862,



Until recently treated as subspecies of C. rubiginosus, but differs in male’s red supercilium extending from nape to above eye vs extending from nape to bill (2); rear ear-coverts clear vs barred (1); bars on underparts more scale-shaped (1); wings and tail longer (effect size for tail vs C. r. yucatanensis 3.63; score 2); wholly different song (deliberate slow-paced series of c. 6 typical picoid high-pitched calls, “kwi, kwi, kwi, kwi, kwi, kwi”, vs protracted rising rattling trill), extensive playback experiments yielding frenzied response from own taxon, no response from other taxon#R#R (4). Monotypic.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.

E Mexico (Tamaulipas to C Veracruz).

Descriptive notes

c. 20–21 cm; 69–82 g. Male has dark slate-grey forehead and crown and red nape, with narrow red border extending from above (or above rear edge of) eye back to join red of... read more


Song a deliberate, slow-paced series of c. 6 high-pitched calls, “kwi, kwi, kwi, kwi, kwi, kwi”,... read more


Lowlands and foothills with cottonwoods (Populus), mesquite (Prosopis) and cacti... read more

Food and feeding

Ants, termites (Isoptera), and beetles and their wood-boring larvae; probably some fruits taken rarely. Generally forages singly or in... read more


Season Jan–May. Hole excavated in dead tree or in stub. Information on other aspects of breeding insufficient.



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Common to fairly common. Global population size not yet evaluated, but thought to be reasonably large. Numbers believed to be more or... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Christie, D.A. (2019). Bronze-winged Woodpecker (Colaptes aeruginosus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 7 December 2019).