French: Vacher bronzé German: Rotaugen-Kuhstärling Spanish: Tordo ojirrojo
Subspecies and Distribution
M. a. loyei
Parkes & Blake, 1965 – SW USA (S California, Arizona, New Mexico and W Texas) S in W Mexico to Nayarit and N Baja California.
M. a. aeneus
(Wagler, 1829) – S USA (E New Mexico, S Texas, Louisiana and Florida) and from E & C Mexico S, including nearby islands (e.g. Cozumel I), to C Panama.
M. a. assimilis
(Nelson, 1900) – SW Mexico from Jalisco S to Chiapas.
Male 20 cm, average 68·9 g; female 18 cm, average 56·9 g. Male nominate race is mostly black with bronze gloss, including erectile neck ruff, but iridescence on... read more
Male song a crescendo that includes short introductory notes followed by longer high-pitched... read more
Open country in areas with xeric to humid vegetation, usually avoiding dense forest or woodland.... read more
Food and feeding
Mostly seeds and arthropods. Stomach contents of fully adult males more than 90% seeds (including of cultivated Sorghum vulgare),... read more
Season Apr–Jul. Apparently polygynous or promiscuous. Male displays expanded ruff while singing from perch; sings also during “... read more
Populations in most of USA range (California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas and Louisiana) and in CN... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Common to fairly common in most of range, less common in interior Mexico; less numerous than M. ater. Somewhat more local in non-breeding... read more
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