Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)


Brown-backed Dove (Leptotila battyi)


French: Colombe du Panama German: Panamataube Spanish: Paloma montaraz de Coiba
Other common names: Azuero Dove

Leptoptila [sic] battyi


, 1901,

Coiba Island


Often lumped into L. plumbeiceps, but has distinct vocalizations#R, in addition to plumage differences. Has also been considered conspecific with L. rufaxilla, L. wellsi and L. pallida. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • L. b. malae Griscom, 1927 – Pacific slope of Panama in S Veraguas, W Herrera and W Los Santos, including Cebaco I.
  • L. b. battyi Rothschild, 1901 – Coiba I (off SC Panama).
  • Descriptive notes

    23·5–25·5 cm. Forehead pale grey becoming slate grey on crown and nape; hindneck brownish grey; rest of upper­parts chestnut brown; alula, primary... read more


    Advertising call is a repeated single cooing note (duration c. 0·8–1·0 seconds, pitch c. 400–500 Hz... read more


    Inhabits tall forest and wooded swamps. It occupies a wider altitudinal range on Coiba Island,... read more

    Food and feeding

    Virtually nothing known. Feeds on the ground, usually in groups of 2–3.


    One immature was collected in May. No further information.



    Status and conservation

    VULNERABLE. Previously considered Near Threatened. The global population is estimated at 6000–15,000 mature individuals and is suspected to be declining slowly in the... read more

    Recommended citation

    Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M., de Juana, E., Boesman, P. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2019). Brown-backed Dove (Leptotila battyi). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 16 November 2019).