Family Parrots (Psittacidae)


Brown-backed Parrotlet (Touit melanonotus)


French: Toui à dos noir German: Braunrückenpapagei Spanish: Cotorrita dorsinegra

Psittacus melanonotus


, 1820,





E Brazil in Bahia, Espírito Santo, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo and Paraná#R.

Descriptive notes

15 cm. Green, paler and brighter on face, darker on crown and upper­sides, but scapulars, back and central rump charcoal grey to blackish brown and has small yellowish... read more


Generally silent when at rest, but frequently noisy in flight. Best known is a resonant, loud,... read more


Humid forest, chiefly on lower montane slopes at 500–1000 m, even up to 1400 m, sometimes in... read more

Food and feeding

Fruits of Rapanea acu­minata, Struthanthus vulgaris and Clusia criuva (the latter unripe), seeds and berries... read more


Very few data. Season generally assumed to be Sept–Oct at start of rains, like most E Brazil endemics, and a young bird, thought to... read more


Movements to lower levels may be seasonal in nature, and in 19th century birds were thought to... read more

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. CITES II. Restricted-range species: present in Atlantic Forest Lowlands EBA. Overall range of 6700 km². Population long suspected to have been fewer than... read more

Recommended citation

Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M., Boesman, P. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Brown-backed Parrotlet (Touit melanonotus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 February 2020).