Family Bulbuls (Pycnonotidae)

Least Concern

Brown-breasted Bulbul (Pycnonotus xanthorrhous)


Taxonomy

French: Bulbul à poitrine brune German: Braunbrustbülbül Spanish: Bulbul pechipardo
Taxonomy:

Pycnonotus xanthorrhous

J. Anderson

, 1869,

Manyun, near Lienshan, west Yunnan, China

.

Validity of race andersoni questionable, as its purported characters (shade of plumage, extent of breastband) may be to large extent due to wear, fading and specimen preparation; intergrades said to occur where it overlaps with nominate in S China (N & SE Yunnan). Two subspecies provisionally recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. x. andersoni (Swinhoe, 1870) – C & S China (SE Gansu, S Shaanxi, Sichuan and N Yunnan E to S Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Jiangxi and Fujian, S to N Guangdong).
  • P. x. xanthorrhous J. Anderson, 1869 – SE Tibet, S China (SE Sichuan, Guizhou and SW Hunan S to S Yunnan and the Yao Shan, in Guangxi), N & E Myanmar (including Ruby Mines district and Southern Shan States), NW Thailand, N Laos and N Vietnam (W Tonkin).
  • Descriptive notes

    20 cm; 24–31 g. Medium-large, noisy, conspicuous bulbul. Crown to below eyes, nape, lores and moustachial streak are black; minute blood-coloured spot at base of lower... read more

    Voice

    Song a repeated quick simple “chirriwu’i whi’chu whirri’ui” etc.... read more

    Habitat

    Secondary growth, scrub, tall grass, gardens, thickets, clearings and streamside vegetation in... read more

    Food and feeding

    Fruit, also seeds, and insects. Individuals in Myanmar seen to pluck fruit from variety of plants, including Heptapleurum (... read more

    Breeding

    Season Apr–Aug, mainly May–Jun. Builds typical cup-shaped nest, usually fairly loose but sometimes more compact, usually c.1 m... read more

    Movements

    Resident; possibly shifts downslope during winter, at least in harsh conditions.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Locally common across a broad range. Abounds in agricultural landscapes in S China (e.g. Guizhou), and is fairly common in much of Myanmar (e.g.... read more

    Recommended citation

    Fishpool, L. & Tobias, J. (2017). Brown-breasted Bulbul (Pycnonotus xanthorrhous). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/57936 on 19 November 2017).