Family Finches (Fringillidae)

Least Concern

Brown Bullfinch (Pyrrhula nipalensis)


Taxonomy

French: Bouvreuil brun German: Schuppenkopfgimpel Spanish: Camachuelo pardo
Taxonomy:

Pyrrhula nipalensis

Hodgson

, 1836,

central and northern Nepal

.

Hitherto treated as conspecific with P. waterstradti. Race ricketti scarcely separable from nominate and perhaps better subsumed within it. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. n. nipalensis Hodgson, 1836 – Himalayas from Himachal Pradesh E to NE India (to S Assam) and SW China (SE Xizang).
  • P. n. ricketti La Touche, 1905 – NE India (Arunachal Pradesh, SE Assam and Nagaland), S & SE China (E Xizang to W Sichuan, and NW Yunnan E to Fujian and Guangdong), N Myanmar and NW Vietnam (W Tonkin).
  • P. n. uchidai Nagamichi Kuroda, 1916 – Taiwan.
  • P. n. victoriae Rippon, 1906 – W Myanmar (Chin Hills) and adjacent India.
  • Present also in SC Vietnam (S Annam), race undescribed.

    Descriptive notes

    16–17 cm; 18–29 g. Medium-sized to large, blunt-billed bullfinch with long and slightly notched tail. Male nominate race has lower forehead, lores and line around... read more

    Voice

    Song, usually from cover or within top of tree canopy, a repeated soft and mellow "pi-puee... read more

    Habitat

    In most of range inhabits undergrowth in dense fir (Abies) and deciduous forests,... read more

    Food and feeding

    Mostly various seeds, blossom, buds and berries of trees (including conifers) and bushes; also nectar from rhododendron flowers. Forages in... read more

    Breeding

    Season Feb to mid-Jul. Nest built by both partners, a neat open cup of vine tendrils, creeper stems, leaves and moss, placed 2–15 m... read more

    Movements

    Resident and partial altitudinal migrant. Part of population moves short distances in non-breeding... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Locally common to uncommon in Himalayas. Locally fairly common in China. Scarce to uncommon in N & W Myanmar, N & SC Vietnam and Peninsular... read more

    Recommended citation

    Clement, P. (2018). Brown Bullfinch (Pyrrhula nipalensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/61413 on 22 October 2018).