Family Ovenbirds (Furnariidae)

Least Concern

Brown Cacholote (Pseudoseisura lophotes)


French: Cacholote brun German: Brauncachalote Spanish: Cacholote castaño

Homorus lophotes


, 1853,

Guanacos, 700 m, c. 32 km ESE of Cabezas, Cordillera, Santa Cruz, Bolivia


Genetic data#R indicate that this species is most closely related to P. gutturalis, while plumage similarities suggest that it is closest to P. unirufa and P. cristata. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. l. lophotes (Reichenbach, 1853) – S Bolivia (S Santa Cruz, E Tarija) and W Paraguay.
  • P. l. argentina Parkes, 1960 – N & C Argentina (Salta and Corrientes S to Mendoza, La Pampa, Río Negro and Buenos Aires), extreme SE Brazil (W Rio Grande do Sul) and Uruguay.
  • Descriptive notes

    24–26 cm; 63–79 g. One of the largest furnariids, somewhat resembling a jay (Corvidae). Has rather uniform dull dark rufous face; forehead dull dark reddish-brown... read more


    Song, usually as duet, a long, loud series of variably cacophonous, grating, coarse notes that... read more


    Tropical deciduous forest, gallery forest edge, second-growth scrub; Chaco woodland and scrub, ... read more

    Food and feeding

    Reported dietary items are Coleoptera (including families Curculionidae, Scarabaeidae, Chrysomelidae, Carabidae), larval insects, large... read more


    Season during austral spring-summer; eggs from late Sept to Feb, mean initiation date in W Argentina 19th Nov. Monogamous; probably pairs... read more



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Uncommon to fairly common throughout range. Occurs in several protected areas, e.g. Chancaní Natural Reserve, in Argentina.

    Recommended citation

    Remsen, J.V., Jr (2020). Brown Cacholote (Pseudoseisura lophotes). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 January 2020).