Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

Brown-capped Tyrannulet (Ornithion brunneicapillus)


Taxonomy

French: Tyranneau à tête brune German: Braunkappen-Kleintyrann Spanish: Mosquerito coronipardo
Taxonomy:

Tyrannulus brunneicapillus

Lawrence

, 1862,

Isthmus of Panama

.

Previously considered conspecific with O. semiflavum (which see), but now normally separated, on basis of plumage, voice and habitat; also, no apparent intergradation where ranges come together in Costa Rica. Birds from N Colombia (Santa Marta region) and NW Venezuela described as race dilutum, supposedly slightly paler below on average, but not reliably distinguishable from other populations. Monotypic.

Distribution:

Caribbean slope of Costa Rica S to W & NC Colombia and W Ecuador (El Oro); also locally in NE Colombia and W & N Venezuela (E to S Miranda); recently recorded in S Nicaragua#R.

Descriptive notes

8 cm; 7–8 g. Has white forehead, lores and supercilium, brownish-olive to dark brown crown, olive upperparts; wings and tail dusky olive; auriculars and face olive,... read more

Voice

Series of 4–6 high metallic or piping whistles, each slightly downward-slurred, slight pause... read more

Habitat

Humid tropical and upper tropical evergreen forest, including forest edge and older second growth,... read more

Food and feeding

Insects. Forages singly or in pairs; occasionally joins mixed-species flocks. Actively flits from perch to perch in dense foliage, usually... read more

Breeding

Jan–Aug. Nest an untidy flat saucer of fine twigs, leaf petioles and bark, placed c. 3·5–12 m up on small fork in understorey... read more

Movements

Resident.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Uncommon to fairly common; probably often overlooked. In Venezuela, fairly common on E slope of Andes near Barinitas, and present also in Henri... read more

Recommended citation

Fitzpatrick, J. (2019). Brown-capped Tyrannulet (Ornithion brunneicapillus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/57160 on 21 April 2019).