Family Bulbuls (Pycnonotidae)

Least Concern

Brown-cheeked Bulbul (Alophoixus bres)


French: Bulbul brès German: Braunwangenbülbül Spanish: Bulbul bres
Other common names: Melodious Bulbul

Lanius Bres


, 1832,

#R, Bogor, Java


Until recently considered conspecific with A. frater and A. tephrogenys (see both). Proposed taxon bartelsi is a synonym. Putative race balicus (E Java, Bali) said to have browner ear-coverts than W Javan birds, but this feature also present on many specimens from latter region. Monotypic.


Java and Bali.

Descriptive notes

19–22 cm. Bulky, very noisy, conspicuous bulbul with erectile hindcrown crest, throat feathers usually puffed out, especially when calling. Adult has lores and upper... read more


Song is a series of mixed, squeaky notes interspersed by typical “kwrresh” call notes... read more


Primary, secondary and submontane forest, below 1500 m.

Food and feeding

Recorded eating a variety of insects, including beetles (Coleoptera), bugs (Hemiptera, including homopterans), dragonflies and damselflies... read more


Breeds almost all months in W & C Java. Nest a standard cup-shaped structure placed in low vegetation; clutch usually two eggs. No other... read more


Resident; appears unusually territorial for a bulbul.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Restricted-range species: confined to the Java and Bali forests EBA, a region of exceptional biological importance. Usually common... read more

Recommended citation

Fishpool, L., Tobias, J. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Brown-cheeked Bulbul (Alophoixus bres). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 21 August 2019).