Family Rails, Gallinules, Coots (Rallidae)

Least Concern

Brown Crake (Zapornia akool)


French: Marouette akool German: Braunbauch-Kielralle Spanish: Gallineta akul

Rallus Akool


, 1832,

Deccan, India


Sometimes placed in Porzana or Amaurornis. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • Z. a. akool (Sykes, 1832) – NE Pakistan, India, Bangladesh and W Myanmar.
  • Z. a. coccineipes (Slater, 1891) – SE China to NE Vietnam.
  • Descriptive notes

    26–28 cm; male 114–170 g, female 110–140 g. Very plain with olive brown upperparts, white throat, dark slate grey underparts shading to olive brown from... read more


    Short plaintive note, heard at daybreak and just before sunset; shrill rattle (attributed to this... read more


    Dense swamps, Pandanus palm groves, sugar cane fields, riparian reedbeds and other dense... read more

    Food and feeding

    Worms, molluscs, adult and larval insects, and seeds of marsh plants. Largely crepuscular, emerging cautiously at edges of reedbeds and... read more


    Mar–Oct, chiefly May–Aug; varies with locality. Monogamous. Nest a pad of grasses, rush blades and sticks, with slight central... read more


    Resident, but possibly also migrant over relatively short distances, N populations wintering in S... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Infrequently seen because of its shy and secretive nature, but formerly regarded as fairly common throughout range; no information... read more

    Recommended citation

    Taylor, B. (2020). Brown Crake (Zapornia akool). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 28 February 2020).