Aracan, Lower Myanmar.
Until recently considered conspecific with P. ferruginosus, but differs in its brown or grey-brown vs black crown (3); lack of rufous spiky feathers above lores (2); pale cinnamon to pale ochre vs bright rufous underparts (2); supposedly different vocalizations#R. Recent phylogenetic study suggests synonymy of formosus and phayrei, but that remaining races each might represent separate species#R. Races stanfordi, formosus and phayrei form a group. Proposed race mariae (Toungoo Hills, Myanmar) synonymized with albogularis owing to improbable distribution, but is slightly weaker buff below than latter and worthy of further investigation; namdapha (extreme E Arunachal Pradesh, NE India) treated as synonym of stanfordi. Birds in C Laos paler below than orientalis and may represent an undescribed race. Notably pale form dickinsoni merits further study. Six subspecies currently recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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