Family Parrots (Psittacidae)

Least Concern

Brown-hooded Parrot (Pyrilia haematotis)


French: Caïque à capuchon German: Grauwangenpapagei Spanish: Lorito encapuchado

Pionus hæmatotis

P. L. Sclater and Salvin

, 1860,

Vera Paz, Guatemala


Previously thought to be closest to P. pulchra, which was sometimes regarded as conspecific. Race coccinicollaris has been treated as separate species#R#R, but differences from nominate are variable and not striking; claim of possible sympatry in Panama#R has been declared unfounded#R. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. h. haematotis (P. L. Sclater & Salvin, 1860) – SE Mexico (S Veracruz, N Oaxaca) through N Guatemala to W Panama.
  • P. h. coccinicollaris (Lawrence, 1862) – EC Panama (E from Canal area) to NW Colombia (NW Chocó, SW Córdoba).
  • Descriptive notes

    21–23 cm; 145–150 g. Reddish-brown crown and ear-coverts with pinkish-red auricular patch, with white nares and orbital ring; nape and breast dull olive-yellow;... read more


    Flight call is a clear chirruping “kee-reek” or “curicu-reek”, sometimes alternating with sharp... read more


    Humid evergreen and cloud forest and borders, mature second growth, in lowlands and lower... read more

    Food and feeding

    Fruits and seeds of various trees and epiphytes, e.g. Ficus, Helio­carpus, Croton, Erythrina, plus... read more


    Breeding condition birds taken in Feb in Mexico, May–Jul in Guatemala, and Aug in Panama. Nest in hole in tree. No further... read more


    Birds found above 1200 m thought perhaps to be seasonal migrants, but in Costa Rica breeding may... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. CITES II. Although there must have been a decline from habitat loss, this bird is fairly common over much of range and suffers very little... read more

    Recommended citation

    Collar, N. & Boesman, P. (2019). Brown-hooded Parrot (Pyrilia haematotis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 13 December 2019).