Family Parrots (Psittacidae)

Least Concern

Brown-necked Parrot (Poicephalus fuscicollis)


French: Perroquet à cou brun German: Graukopfpapagei Spanish: Lorito cuellipardo

Psittacus fuscicollis


, 1820,

no locality [= The Gambia]


Previously considered conspecific with P. robustus. Two subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. f. fuscicollis (Kuhl, 1820) – patchily from Gambia to EC Nigeria, lower R Congo and Cabinda (N Angola).
  • P. f. suahelicus Reichenow, 1898 – E & CS Angola through Rwanda (one locality in Uganda#R) to EC Tanzania (Nguru Mts), and S to extreme N Botswana and extreme NE South Africa (Limpopo).
  • Descriptive notes

    30–36 cm; 280–401 g (suahelicus). Differs from formerly conspecific P. robustus by its pale grey head and neck, greyer markings on mantle, wing-coverts and... read more


    Commonest call of race suahelicus is a distinctive short somewhat dissonant screech, “... read more


    Race suahelicus uses many types of woodland, chiefly well-developed formations such as... read more

    Food and feeding

    Seeds, nuts, berries and nectar. In Zimbabwe most favoured food source is nut of mobola plum (Parinari curatellifolia), widespread... read more


    Recorded most months of year in S Africa, with chief period apparently Mar–Apr in Malawi, Mar–Jun and Oct–Nov in Zimbabwe, Apr–Jun in... read more


    Some populations or parts of populations resident, with others wandering extensively during dry... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Populations of nominate probably impacted by capture for pet trade, e.g. between 1975 and 2011, more than 9000 wild-caught... read more

    Recommended citation

    Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Brown-necked Parrot (Poicephalus fuscicollis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 7 December 2019).