no locality = Tasmania.
Previously placed in genus Coturnix. All races except nominate ypsilophorus have been considered together to form a separate species, S. australis, but morphological differences between some of these greater than those between australis and ypsilophorus; they differ in size, overall colour saturation, strength of barring and shaft streaking, and eye colour (differences most marked in males). Geographical variation complex and requires detailed review; if nominate form is considered a separate species from all other races, a reappraisal is required of the forms in New Guinea, where the almost black dogwa is particularly distinctive#R, and the possibility that lowland forms represent a different species from alpine and montane forms needs investigation. Race lamonti sometimes included in mafulu. Otherwise, populations of N Queensland, NW Australia and SW Australia have been separated as races queenslandicus, cervinus and sordidus, respectively, but differences slight, while no clear correlation exists between geographical distribution in Australia and plumage colour or pattern of plumage, but relationship between some of these names, especially cervinus, and the two accepted subspecies in the Lesser Sundas, pallidior and raaltenii, also requires renewed investigation#R. Proposed race castaneus (Timor) considered inseparable from raaltenii#R. A recently discovered population on Yamdena (in Tanimbar Is) may represent an undescribed form. Ten subspecies recognized.
Introduced to New Zealand (australis and ypsilophorus) and Fiji.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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