Family Old World Buntings (Emberizidae)

Least Concern

Brown-rumped Bunting (Emberiza affinis)


French: Bruant à ventre jaune German: Braunbürzelammer Spanish: Escribano culipardo

Emberiza affinis


, 1867,

no locality = probably Dar Bertat, western Ethiopia


Sometimes placed in genus Fringillaria. Taxonomic position uncertain; further study needed. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • E. a. nigeriae Bannerman & Bates, 1926 – Senegambia E to Nigeria and N Cameroon.
  • E. a. vulpecula Grote, 1921 – C Cameroon, S Chad and Central African Republic.
  • E. a. affinis Heuglin, 1867 – South Sudan, NE DRCongo, NW Uganda, W Kenya (rare) and (most likely this race) NW Ethiopia and adjacent E Sudan.
  • E. a. omoensis Neumann, 1905 – S Ethiopia.
  • Descriptive notes

    13–15 cm; 14·5–18 g. A small bunting with rather slender bill, extensive white on face and extensively yellow below; lacks white wingbars of other African... read more


    Male song a short, buzzy trill lasting 1–1·5 seconds. Liquid contact call like that of... read more


    Mesic woodland, including riparian woodland fringe and locally around villages. Reportedly favours... read more

    Food and feeding

    Diet of specimens from DRCongo contained insects, including termites (Isoptera); in captivity feeds on seeds of grasses and forbs, as well... read more


    Little known. Only one nest reported, in Sudan in Mar; fledged chicks in Dec in Gambia. Nest not described; suspected as nesting in cavity... read more


    Little known. Presumably mostly resident; most records in W Africa are in wet season, but this may... read more

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Generally local and scarce. May be locally common, with up to 8 males singing within 1 km.

    Recommended citation

    Ryan, P. (2020). Brown-rumped Bunting (Emberiza affinis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 February 2020).