Umhlanga, Natal, South Africa.
Race tongensis differs from nominate by its bold vs very indistinct white submoustachial line, with broader white supercilium (2); paler overall plumage (1); notably shorter bill (no quantifiable data) and shorter wings (effect size for males from published data#R –2.65; score 2); however, no vocal differences detected in small sample of recordings#R (more material needed) and use of word “adjoining” to describe range suggests parapatry, but an estuary and swamp are interposed#R. One record of apparent hybridization between this race and T. quadrivirgata. Proposed races oatleyi (known only from type locality, in NE Northern Province) and reclusa (described from E Cape Province) synonymized with nominate. Two subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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