French: Circaète brun German: Einfarb-Schlangenadler Spanish: Culebrera sombría
W Africa from S Mauritania and Senegambia E to Eritrea and Ethiopia, and S to Namibia, Botswana, South Africa and Swaziland.
71–78 cm; 1500–2500 g; wingspan 160–185 cm. Largest snake-eagle, with blocky, cowled head, stout neck, moderately long legs, heavily scaled tarsi and toes,... read more
Vocal in nesting season, producing hoarse "hok hok hok" calls in response to intruders and soft "... read more
Open woodlands and savannas, dry thorn-scrub, areas with low hills and gentle ridges, arid steppes... read more
Food and feeding
Mostly snakes, including large and venomous species, but also large lizards and less often rodents, native galliforms (Francolinus... read more
Laying Nov–Feb in W Africa and NE Democratic Republic of the Congo; Feb–May in E and C Africa; Jul–Mar in S Africa.... read more
Sedentary resident in many areas, but long-distance recoveries (e.g. adult ringed in South Africa... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Widespread and conspicuous but often at low density, such as 1 pair/200 km2 in Kenya. Vulnerable to clearing of woodland... read more
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