Family Tanagers (Thraupidae)

Near Threatened

Brown Tanager (Orchesticus abeillei)


French: Tangara brun German: Fuchstangare Spanish: Tangara parda

Pyrrhula Abeillei


, 1839,

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil


Unusual ecological status as a social mimic of the unrelated Philydor rufum (Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner, Furnariidae)#R suggests long isolation of this species. Monotypic.


SE Brazil from S Bahia S to E Paraná and E Santa Catarina.

Descriptive notes

17–18 cm; 31·5 g. Plumage closely resembles that of a Philydor foliage-gleaner, but bill thicker, slightly swollen and blackish. Has forecrown, broad eyebrow and... read more


Dawn song an extremely high-pitched “sis-sis-sis-sis’sis’sssssssssssssst”, the last extended phrase... read more


Mainly humid pre-montane and montane forest; also upper levels of thinned or open woodland, second... read more

Food and feeding

Insects; reported also as taking fruit. Forages in pairs and small groups high in canopy. Hops or clambers along shady branches and in... read more


Season at least Oct in Rio de Janeiro. In possible instance of courtship display, male and female faced each other, motionless and upright... read more


Not well documented. Birds from at least Espírito Santo and Rio de Janeiro reported as migrating N... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near-threatened. Uncommon to fairly common. Inhabits montane forests in Atlantic coast region, and these have suffered less from... read more

Recommended citation

Hilty, S. (2019). Brown Tanager (Orchesticus abeillei). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 9 December 2019).