São Paulo, Brazil.
Taxonomic status and limits of several races unclear: race traylori may be a distinct species#R; populations of ochraceiventris noted to occur at different elevations on N & S banks of R Unine (NC Peru) and respectively to give different songs and calls#R; race hypochraceus known from few specimens, apparently differing from griseiventris only in overall size and toe length, perhaps not reliably diagnosable#R; further study required. Nine subspecies currently recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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