Family Waxbills (Estrildidae)

Least Concern

Brown Twinspot (Clytospiza monteiri)


French: Sénégali brun German: Monteiroastrild Spanish: Estrilda parda

Pytelia monteiri


, 1860,

Bembe, Uíge, Angola




SE Nigeria and Cameroon E to W & S South Sudan, Uganda and extreme W Kenya, also S Gabon, S Congo, NW & NE Angola (Cabinda S to Cuanza Sul; NE Lunda Norte), and SW & S DRCongo.

Descriptive notes

12 cm; 13·5-16 g. Male has grey head, dull brown back and upperwing, red rump and uppertail-coverts; tail broad, dusky; centre of throat red, underparts cinnamon with profuse... read more


Call a sharp "vay, vay, vay", also "cht" or "chk". Song has long whistles that rise sharply and... read more


Shrubby and rank grassland, moist thickets, tangled vegetation, and overgrown cultivation. Lowlands... read more

Food and feeding

Seeds, small insects e.g. termites (Isoptera), also spiders (Araneae). Feeds on ground; digs with bill in crusty wet soil in manioc (... read more


Breeds in Oct–Nov in Cameroon, Apr in Gabon, Aug–Dec in NE DRCongo, and Dec and May–Jun in Uganda. In courtship display... read more



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Uncommon to locally fairly common; rather local. Common in parts of Cameroon, Central African Republic and NE & S DRCongo.

Recommended citation

Payne, R. (2019). Brown Twinspot (Clytospiza monteiri). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 5 December 2019).