Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Brown Violet-ear (Colibri delphinae)


Taxonomy

French: Colibri de Delphine German: Brauner Veilchenohrkolibri Spanish: Colibrí pardo
Taxonomy:

Ornismya Delphinæ

Lesson

, 1839,

no locality = Santa Fé de Bogotá, Colombia

.

Proposed race greenewalti (Serra do Sincorá, E Brazil), claimed to differ very subtly in coloration, appears insufficiently distinct to merit recognition. Monotypic.

Distribution:

Mountains from Guatemala and Belize S to Colombia, thence S to W Ecuador, E Peru and N Bolivia, and E to Venezuela, Trinidad, Guyana and NC Brazil (Roraima); E Brazil (Serra do Sincorá, in Bahia).

Descriptive notes

11–12 cm; male 5·5–8 g, female 6·1 g (Panama, Trinidad, Costa Rica), two unsexed 5·5 g (Venezuela). Sexes similar in color­ation but male... read more

Voice

Song typically comprises 4–7 loud, bisyllabic “chit” or “jit” notes (also rendered “p’tip”) lasting... read more

Habitat

Canopy and edges of humid forest, tall second growth, semi-open habitats like coffee plantations... read more

Food and feeding

Visits a variety of flowers, usually those with short corollas (or nectariferous bracts) including those of trees (Inga, ... read more

Breeding

Late wet and early dry seasons: Nov–May in Costa Rica; Dec–Jan in E Venezuela (although leks maintained until Apr, in both... read more

Movements

In most areas breeds mainly above 500–900 m, descending to lower elevations outside breeding... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Scarce, or at least infrequently recorded, over most of broad range, especially in N Central America (where, for instance,... read more

Recommended citation

Stiles, F.G. & Kirwan, G.M. (2018). Brown Violet-ear (Colibri delphinae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/55398 on 13 November 2018).