Family Starlings (Sturnidae)

Least Concern

Brown-winged Starling (Aplonis grandis)


Taxonomy

French: Stourne des Salomon German: Kragenstar Spanish: Estornino de las Salomón
Taxonomy:

Lamprocorax grandis

Salvadori

, 1881,

Santa Isabel, Solomon Islands

.

Close to A. dichroa and in the past regarded as conspecific, but differs in size, morphology and plumage. Race malaitae may constitute a separate species, differing in its smaller size (effect size for tail −1.85 vs nominate, score 1); white (or very pale blue) iris (3); and apparently different voice (no “erikk-pop” call)#R; but supposedly distinct green gloss and shorter neck hackles (in original description and HBW diagnosis) difficult to detect; further study required. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • A. g. grandis (Salvadori, 1881) – Brown-winged Starling – Bougainville, and Choiseul, Santa Isabel, New Georgia Group and Florida Is, in N & C Solomon Is.
  • A. g. macrura Mayr, 1931 – Guadalcanal, in SE Solomons.
  • A. g. malaitae Mayr, 1931 – Malaita Starling – Malaita, in E Solomons.
  • Descriptive notes

    27 cm; 110–151 g. Large starling with medium-length tail, bristly forehead feathers, and greatly elongated lanceolate feathers on crown, nape, throat and upper breast.... read more

    Voice

    Song a continuous medley of warbles, chips, squeaks and shrill chattering notes, some at very high... read more

    Habitat

    Forest; also secondary vegetation and cleared areas, including villages where some tall trees... read more

    Food and feeding

    Fruit; also some insects. Takes pieces from large fruits such as figs (Ficus); fruit of Cananga odorata noted in diet.... read more

    Breeding

    May–Sept on Bougainville and Sept–Nov on Kolombangara, and extended season likely; single-brooded. Presumed monogamous;... read more

    Movements

    Resident; observed while crossing open sea between islands 2 km apart.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Restricted range species: present in Solomon Group EBA. Common on most islands in range, and occupies both primary forest and man-modified areas. Not... read more

    Recommended citation

    Craig, A. & Feare, C. (2019). Brown-winged Starling (Aplonis grandis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/60838 on 23 September 2019).