Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

Brownish Elaenia (Elaenia pelzelni)


French: Élénie brune German: Braunolivtyrann Spanish: Fiofío pardo

Elaenia pelzelni


, 1907,

Lamalonga, Rio Negro, Brazil




R Amazon and larger S tributaries in NE Peru (R Napo), Brazil (R Juruá, R Madeira, lower R Xingu, R Iriri) and extreme N Bolivia (R Beni, R Madre de Dios); also extreme SE Colombia#R.

Descriptive notes

18 cm. Distinctive large, dull brownish elaenia. Male has dull brownish head, ear-coverts and face paler brownish, white coronal patch (semi-concealed), inconspicuous whitish... read more


Calls include variety of burry and clear notes, e.g. low “chick-ert” or “chick-... read more


Riverine forest, especially on river islands, where most often reported in mature stands of tall... read more

Food and feeding

No information on diet, but presumably insects and fruits; specialized habitat suggests possible extensive reliance on Cecropia... read more


No information.


Little information; perhaps local or erratic movements in response to seasonal changes in river... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Locally fairly common. Fairly common in Cecropia trees around Iquitos, in Peru. Poorly known species.

Recommended citation

Hosner, P. (2020). Brownish Elaenia (Elaenia pelzelni). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 17 January 2020).