Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Least Concern

Bruce's Green-pigeon (Treron waalia)


French: Colombar waalia German: Waaliataube Spanish: Vinago waalia
Other common names: Yellow-bellied Green-pigeon

Columba waalia

F. A. A. Meyer

, 1793,

near Lake Tana, Ethiopia


A member of the African species-group of green-pigeons, but apparently most closely allied to T. phoenicopterus of S Asia. Birds of lower R Jubba (Somalia) previously separated as race jubaensis. Monotypic.


S Mauritania and Senegambia E through Sahel zone to Eritrea and N Somalia and S to N Uganda; also Socotra, Yemen, SW Saudi Arabia and extreme W Oman (Dhofar).

Descriptive notes

28–30 cm; 251–268 g. Head, neck and breast light greenish grey; mantle, back, rump, scapulars, most wing-coverts, and innermost secondaries light yellowish olive-... read more


Rather stereotyped phrase with slight variations. Typically starts with an accelerating croaking... read more


Densely wooded valleys, forest patches near water-holes, and less commonly savanna and thorn-scrub... read more

Food and feeding

Frugivorous; reported to feed largely on various species of figs (Mora­ceae), particularly Ficus platyphylla and, in Sudan,... read more


Recorded Dec–Sept in W Africa; Nov–May in N parts of E Africa; and Apr–May in rest of E Africa; in Arabia, young in nest... read more


Little information; in Africa, resident in many areas, although at least partially nomadic in... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Frequent to locally abundant throughout much of its range, although apparently commoner in first half of 20th century. Not uncommon in Gambia; common... read more

Recommended citation

Baptista, L.F., Trail, P.W., Horblit, H.M., de Juana, E. & Boesman, P. (2019). Bruce's Green-pigeon (Treron waalia). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 14 December 2019).