Family Monarch-flycatchers (Monarchidae)

Least Concern

Buff-bellied Monarch (Neolalage banksiana)


French: Monarque des Banks German: Harlekinmonarch Spanish: Monarca de las Banks

Lalage banksiana

G. R. Gray

, 1870,

Vanua Lava, Banks Islands




Banks Is and Vanuatu (S to Éfaté).

Descriptive notes

15 cm. Male has crown, back, breastband and tail black, upperwing black with broad golden-yellow wing patch, golden-yellow edging on inner primaries and secondaries; white... read more


A low, mournful, drawn-out thin quavering “treereeeee” whistle, and a harsh scolding... read more


Primary forest and secondary growth, from sea-level to 1200 m; occupies quite small wooded areas,... read more

Food and feeding

Insectivorous. Usually seen singly or in pairs, but sometimes in small parties; often in mixed-species flocks. Forages in substage and... read more


Breeds Aug–Jan. Inconspicuous conical cup nest made of vine tendrils, rootlets and twiglets, unlined, placed 2–5 m above ground... read more



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Vanuatu and Temotu EBA. Poorly known. Seems fairly common in suitable habitat in Vanuatu; common on Santo but... read more

Recommended citation

Gregory, P. (2018). Buff-bellied Monarch (Neolalage banksiana). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 18 March 2018).