French: Pipit d’Amérique German: Pazifikpieper Spanish: Bisbita norteamericano
Subspecies and Distribution
A. r. japonicus
Temminck & Schlegel, 1847 – Buff-bellied Pipit – N, C & E Russia in SE Taymyr, W Siberian Plateau, and from E of R Lena, Yakutsk region and L Baikal E to Chukotskiy Peninsula, Commander Is, Sakhalin and Kuril Is; winters from Japan and Korea to S & SE continental Asia; recorded W to Israel and Turkey#R.
A. r. pacificus
Todd, 1935 – W North America (Alaska, and Coast Range S to Oregon); winters S to W Mexico.
A. r. rubescens
(Tunstall, 1771) – American Pipit – N & E Canada and extreme NE USA, rare in W Greenland; winters S to Central America.
A. r. alticola
Todd, 1935 – C & S Rocky Mts (S from S British Columbia), also locally in mountains W to California (SW USA); winters S to Mexico.
14–17 cm; c. 21 g. Nominate race in breeding plumage has broad whitish supercilium tinged pinkish-buff, buffish submoustachial stripe, variable dark malar stripe and... read more
Song, in flight or from perch, a fast series of high notes repeated in phrases, e.g. “treeu-... read more
North American races breed on treeless tundra with boulder-strewn fields and rocky areas, on barren... read more
Food and feeding
Insects, including grasshoppers, crickets and locusts (Orthoptera), beetles (Coleoptera), bugs (Hemiptera), including plant-lice and aphids... read more
Laying mainly Jun–Jul. In brief song flight, male ascends to c. 20–30 m, glides back down to perch in long arc or loop. Nest... read more
Migratory. American races winter on W coast S from extreme SW Canada (S British Columbia) and from... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Common and widespread throughout most of range. Common to fairly common non-breeding visitor in Mexico; possibly breeds in NW Mexico (San Pedro Mart... read more
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