Family Old World Flycatchers and Chats (Muscicapidae)

Least Concern

Buff-breasted Wheatear (Oenanthe bottae)


Taxonomy

French: Traquet de Botta German: Ockerbrust-Steinschmätzer Spanish: Collalba de Botta
Other common names: Red-breasted Wheatear
Taxonomy:

Campicola bottæ

Bonaparte

, 1854,

no locality = Yemen

.

Sometimes considered conspecific with O. isabellina, and commonly treated as conspecific with O. heuglinii but geographical break between them abrupt, and they differ in plumage and particularly in size, as well as in habitat and, reputedly, behaviour. Hitherto treated as conspecific with O. frenata. Monotypic.

Distribution:

Highlands of SW Saudi Arabia (S of Taif) and W Yemen (S to N Aden and E to Al-Bayda).

Descriptive notes

14–16 cm. Resembles O. isabellina, but with slightly shorter legs, sooty-smudged greyish-brown forecrown to mid-crown shading to paler brown-grey mantle and... read more

Voice

Song, often in low flight, a series of phrases consisting of fluty and hard scratchy notes. Calls... read more

Habitat

Nominate race found on open hillsides with sparse vegetation, cultivated terraces in high plateaux... read more

Food and feeding

No information on food. Typically, forages by investigating ground in methodical search.

Breeding

Feb–Jun in Ethiopia; food-carrying adults Apr–Jul in SW Arabian Peninsula. Nest placed under boulder or in earth bank, stone... read more

Movements

Apparently sedentary; possibly some post-breeding descent from highest elevations.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Nominate race often common. Race frenata uncommon in Eritrea and S Ethiopia, but locally common to abundant in W, C & SE... read more

Recommended citation

Collar, N. (2019). Buff-breasted Wheatear (Oenanthe bottae). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/58552 on 19 January 2019).