Family Guans, Chachalacas, Curassows (Cracidae)

Least Concern

Buff-browed Chachalaca (Ortalis superciliaris)


French: Ortalide à sourcils German: Gelbbrauenguan Spanish: Chachalaca cejuda

Ortalida superciliaris

G. R. Gray

, 1867,

South America


Closely related to O. guttata and O. motmot, and probably also to O. leucogastra; has been included, together with O. guttata, in O. motmot. O. spixi is a synonym. Monotypic.


NE Brazil S of R Amazon, from NE Pará and Maranhão E to NW Ceará, and S to N Tocantins and W Piauí.

Descriptive notes

42–46 cm. Smallest Ortalis, and only one with superciliary streak, which varies individually from buffy white to pale cinnamon. Facial skin dark slate. Neck,... read more


No published information, but vocalizations generally typical of Ortalis; compared to... read more


Thickets of scrub and forest, in lowlands, including in heavily degraded areas.

Food and feeding

No published information available, but observed foraging on palm fruits of Euterpe oleracea (Arecaceae) and also seen feeding on... read more


All data from around Belém (Pará state). Season Dec–Feb in one study, but nests also recorded in Jun, Jul and Nov. One... read more


No information available, but presumably sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Formerly treated as Near Threatened and population preliminary estimated at c. 10,000 individuals over range of 389,000 km².... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Buff-browed Chachalaca (Ortalis superciliaris). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 30 March 2020).