Family Ovenbirds (Furnariidae)

Least Concern

Buff-browed Foliage-gleaner (Syndactyla rufosuperciliata)


French: Anabate à sourcils fauves German: Ockerbrauen-Blattspäher Spanish: Ticotico cejudo

Xenops rufosuperciliatus


, 1832,

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil


Sister to S. dimidiata. Named form S. mirandae, described from C Brazil (Goiás) and subsequently treated as race of present species, is a synonym of S. dimidiata. Proposed race squamiger (Paraná, in SE Brazil) is synonym of nominate; proposed race similis (NW Peru) described as similar to cabanisi but more olivaceous (less rufescent) above, and paler and much less heavily marked below, but differences not apparent in specimens from within a few kilometres of type locality. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • S. r. cabanisi (Taczanowski, 1875) – Andes of S Ecuador (Cordillera del Cóndor, in Zamora-Chinchipe), Peru (Piura, Cajamarca and S from Amazonas) and W Bolivia (S to Cochabamba).
  • S. r. oleaginea (P. L. Sclater, 1884) – Andes from C Bolivia (S from W Santa Cruz) S to NW Argentina (S to La Rioja).
  • S. r. rufosuperciliata (Lafresnaye, 1832) – SE Brazil (S Minas Gerais and S Espírito Santo S to Paraná).
  • S. r. acrita (Oberholser, 1901) – NC Paraguay and extreme SE Brazil (Santa Catarina, Rio Grande do Sul) S to NE Argentina (Chaco and Misiones S to NE Santa Fe and N Buenos Aires) and Uruguay.
  • Descriptive notes

    17–18 cm; 22–33 g. Nominate race has tawny-buff eyering contiguous with paler supercilium that extends, broken, posteriorly to nape, hint of supercilium in front... read more


    Song a loud, fast, accelerating series, “kuh-kuh-kuh-kihkihkihkikkikkikku”, starting... read more


    In Andes, montane evergreen forest and second growth, often with Chusquea bamboo; mostly... read more

    Food and feeding

    Arthropods; tent caterpillars recorded. Forages singly or in pairs, sometimes (Andes) to possibly usually (lowlands) in mixed-species... read more


    Eggs in Nov in NW Argentina, nestlings in Nov in SE Brazil and fledgling in Aug in S Peru. Presumably monogamous. Three nest-sites... read more



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Fairly common to common in most of its range; rare in Paraguay and N Peru. Occurs in numerous protected areas, including Ybicuí National Park... read more

    Recommended citation

    Remsen, J.V., Jr (2019). Buff-browed Foliage-gleaner (Syndactyla rufosuperciliata). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 13 December 2019).