Family Pigeons, Doves (Columbidae)

Least Concern

Buff-eared Brown-dove (Phapitreron nigrorum)


French: Phapitréron à oreillons beiges German: Zimtstreifentaube Spanish: Vinago pardo de Negros

Phabotreron nigrorum


, 1877,

San Bernardino, Negros, Philippine Islands


Hitherto considered conspecific with P. leucotis and P. brevirostris but, in light of a recent review#R and further assessment of the morphological evidence, P. leucotis, P. nigrorum and P. brevirostris are here separated at species level on the following grounds. P. nigrorum differs from P. leucotis in its buffy (not vinous-russet) throat (1); buffy (not white) subcilial streak (2); brownish-grey (not pale grey) forecrown shading to greenish (not bronzy-russet) hindcrown and greener, less pinkish mantle and neck-sides (2); and smaller size (effect size for wing 2.02, score 2). It differs from P. brevirostris in its buffy (not whitish) throat (1); buffy (not white) subcilial streak (2); brownish-grey (not strong buffy-white) forecrown shading to greenish (not pinkish) hindcrown and greener, much less pinkish mantle and neck sides, weaker metallic blue centre of mantle (3); and larger size (effect size for tail 1.84, score 1). Monotypic.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.

CE Philippines: Tablas, Sibuyan, Ticao, Masbate, Panay, Calagnaan, Guimaras, Negros and Cebu.

Descriptive notes

23–24 cm; 89–136 g. Buff ear-stripes distinguish this species from allopatric and formerly conspecific P. leucotis and P. brevirostris, and further... read more


Not formally described but, like other members of P. leucotis complex, song is a clear,... read more


Frequents secondary growth and montane forest as well as the margins of cultivated land; mainly... read more

Food and feeding

No specific information available. Known to consume fruits and seeds.


Presumably very similar to P. leucotis.


Resident and sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Still considered common or very common across its reasonably wide, multi-island range (estimated at 34,100 km²). Occurs in two... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N., Kirwan, G.M. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2019). Buff-eared Brown-dove (Phapitreron nigrorum). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 14 December 2019).