Family Ovenbirds (Furnariidae)

Least Concern

Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner (Philydor rufum)


French: Anabate roux German: Ockerstirn-Blattspäher Spanish: Ticotico ocráceo grande

Dendrocopus rufus


, 1818,

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil


See P. erythropterum. Racial identity of population in C Falcón (NW Venezuela) uncertain; presumed to belong with race columbianum. Nominate race varies clinally in size, with smallest birds farthest S. Species name often spelt rufus, but must agree with neuter gender of genus; race columbianum has often (e.g. in HBW) been misspelt colombianum#R. Seven subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. r. panerythrum P. L. Sclater, 1862 – highlands of Costa Rica and W Panama (E to W Chiriquí and Bocas del Toro), and C & E Andes of Colombia (Antioquia, Caldas, and W slope from Santander S to Cundinamarca; also Serranía de San Lucas#R).
  • P. r. columbianum Cabanis & Heine, 1860 – #RN Venezuela in C Falcón (Sierra de San Luis) and Coastal Range (Yaracuy, and Carabobo E to Miranda).
  • P. r. cuchiverus Phelps, Sr & Phelps, Jr, 1949 – Cerro Calentura (N Amazonas) and Cerro El Negro (NW Bolívar), in S Venezuela.
  • P. r. riveti Ménégaux & Hellmayr, 1906 – W Andes from Colombia (S from C Chocó) S to NW Ecuador (S to Pichincha, also El Oro).
  • P. r. bolivianum Berlepsch, 1907 – foothills of E slope from Ecuador (S from W Napo) S to C Bolivia (S to Chuquisaca).
  • P. r. chapadense J. T. Zimmer, 1935 – SW Brazil (Mato Grosso, S Goiás; recorded also in extreme S Tocantins#R).
  • P. r. rufum (Vieillot, 1818) – E & SE Brazil (SE Bahia, Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo S to S Mato Grosso do Sul and N Rio Grande do Sul), E Paraguay and NE Argentina (Misiones, NE Corrientes).
  • Descriptive notes

    18–19 cm; 25–36 g. The longest-tailed Philydor, and the only one with ­contrasting forehead and pointed rectrices. Nominate race has ochraceous... read more


    Song a fast, accelerating series of staccato, metallic notes, “whi-ki-ki-ki-ke-ke-ke-kuh-kuh... read more


    Montane and tropical lowland evergreen forest, and river-edge forest. Mainly humid lower montane... read more

    Food and feeding

    Recorded dietary items are spiders and their eggs, cockroaches (Blattodea), Orthoptera including katydids (Tettigoniidae) and crickets (... read more


    Nestlings in Jun in W Colombia; eggs and nestlings in Nov in NE Argentina. Presumably monogamous. Nest in hole in dirt bank, tree cavity or... read more



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Uncommon to rare in much of its range, but apparent scarcity perhaps in part an artifact of difficulty in detection; fairly common in SE portion of... read more

    Recommended citation

    Remsen, J.V., Jr (2020). Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner (Philydor rufum). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 27 January 2020).