Has been suggested that race iheringi may be a full species, but differences from other races appear trivial and characters (including buff edging of scapulars, see HBW 5: 224) variable. Populations of tepuis in S Venezuela and Guyana very poorly known, and not subspecifically determined. Three subspecies recognized.
Also (subspecies unknown) Cerro Neblina and other tepuis in S Venezuela and Guyana.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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