M. H. C. Lichtenstein, 1823,
between Bir Hamam and Gassr Eschtaebi, Egypt.
Varies clinally in colour and size across N Africa, from large, dark birds in W (described as race theresae) to smaller, paler, greyer ones in Egypt; birds E from NE Egypt (Sinai) named as race brooksbanki, but distinctions very slight and/or inconstant, and some probably clinal. Treated as monotypic.
N Africa from Western Sahara E to NE Egypt (Sinai), and from S Syria S to C & E Jordan and S Israel (where rare), with no recent records in W Iraq; non-breeding also C Arabia.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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