Family Old World Flycatchers and Chats (Muscicapidae)

Least Concern

Buff-streaked Chat (Campicoloides bifasciatus)


Taxonomy

French: Tarier bifascié German: Fahlschulterschmätzer Spanish: Tarabilla sudafricana
Taxonomy:

Saxicola bifasciata

Temminck

, 1829,

eastern Cape Province, South Africa

.

Suggested as being a relict of a uniquely African radiation, with no extant close relatives. Affinities to Saxicola and Oenanthe evident, and has been treated in both, but plumage, size, nest position, egg colour and song behaviour distinctive; placement in its own monotypic genus sister to Emarginata currently considered the most appropriate treatment based on genetic evidence#R#R. Monotypic.

Distribution:

South Africa (C & S Northern Province S to KwaZulu-Natal and Eastern Cape), W Swaziland and E & N Lesotho.

Descriptive notes

16–17 cm; 33–37 g. Male has broad buff-white line from over bill along supercilium and down rear ear-coverts to scapulars; crown to nape dark brown, streaked... read more

Voice

Song, by both sexes at all seasons (quieter when not breeding), a series of short phrases, each 2... read more

Habitat

Rocky areas within sour grasslands: outcrops, boulder-strewn hillsides, ridges and escarpments,... read more

Food and feeding

Mainly insects, notably grasshoppers and termites; also nectar. In montane grassland, grasshoppers were main food in Apr, but almost... read more

Breeding

Sept–Dec (peak Oct in KwaZulu-Natal), occasionally to Feb; probably often double-brooded. Nest a large untidy cup of dry grasses,... read more

Movements

Sedentary, but some birds wander outside breeding season, and birds at highest elevations may... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Generally frequent to common, but localized. Vulnerable to commercial afforestation of moist grasslands. Appears to have suffered some local... read more

Recommended citation

Collar, N. (2019). Buff-streaked Chat (Campicoloides bifasciatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/58523 on 23 August 2019).