Probably closest to K. flavipes, the two replacing each other geographically. See also K. zeylonensis. When species placed in genus Bubo, subspecies name minor becomes unavailable, and replacement name buettikoferi then used. Race aagaardi intergrades with nominate ketupu, and pageli is possibly only a colour variant; both are sometimes included within nominate. Four subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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