Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Buffy Hummingbird (Leucippus fallax)


French: Colibri trompeur German: Zimtbrustkolibri Spanish: Colibrí ante

Trochilus fallax


, 1843,

Caracas, Venezuela


Proposed races cervina (NE Colombia), occidentalis (NW Venezuela) and richmondi (Margarita I and Tortuga I, off NC Venezuela), though sometimes recognized, are doubtfully distinct; differences apparently represent individual variation. Monotypic.


Coastal area of NE Colombia (Cesar, Guajira) and Venezuela and adjacent offshore islands.

Descriptive notes

8·5–9 cm. Male has straight bill, upper mandible black, lower fleshy tipped black; upperparts faded dull green, postocular spot white; underparts pale cinnamon-... read more


Song a repeated short phrase of 2–4 notes. In its simplest form, this phrase comprises just two,... read more


Xeric areas, arid thorny scrub and mangroves, from sea-level up to 550 m. Forages at low to medium... read more

Food and feeding

Feeds on nectar of flowering Agave, Hibiscus, Lemairocereus, Melocactus and Opuntia. Has been... read more


Nests have been found in May and Nov, suggesting breeding period in the rainy season (May–Nov/Dec); one fledgling fed by female in... read more


Some seasonal dispersal; during dry season (Dec–Apr) is more abundant in thorn forest and... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. CITES II. Restricted-range species: present in Caribbean Colombia and Venezuela EBA. Common, and most abundant hummingbird species within its rather... read more

Recommended citation

Züchner, T. & Boesman, P. (2020). Buffy Hummingbird (Leucippus fallax). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 17 January 2020).