Family Sandpipers, Snipes, Phalaropes (Scolopacidae)

Least Concern

Bukidnon Woodcock (Scolopax bukidnonensis)


French: Bécasse du Bukidnon German: Bukidnonschnepfe Spanish: Chocha filipina
Other common names: Philippine Woodcock

Scolopax bukidnonensis

Kennedy et al.

, 2001,

Mount Kitanglad, 1530 m, Mindanao, Philippines


Woodcock specimens from Philippines were originally thought to be migrant S. rusticola, but field observations in 1993 suggested otherwise; initially thought perhaps to be attributable to S. celebensis, but subsequent capture and examination of individuals revealed that woodcocks associated with highland cloudforest in Philippines represent this new species#R. Apparently related to S. saturata (with S. rosenbergii) and S. celebensis, and downy young closest in appearance to those of former. Monotypic.


Mountains of N & C Luzon (and nearby islands of Calayan and Babuyan Claro#R) and Mindanao, in Philippine Is.

Descriptive notes

c. 30–33 cm, with long straight bill; 193–310 g. Medium-sized woodcock with rounded wings, most similar to S. celebensis. Face is buffy with fine dusky... read more


Loud and distinctive vocalizations during roding flight a hard, metallic rattle, “ti’ti... read more


Montane forest at 900–2760 m, mostly c. 1260–1650 m. On Mt Kitanglad (Mindanao) found... read more

Food and feeding

Little information. May feed mainly at night or during dusk, in areas where ground carpeted with thick layers of moss, interspersed with... read more


Few data. Nest thought to be of this species found in early Sept, and eggs in May and nestlings in Sept; two males had enlarged gonads in... read more


Probably sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Appears to be locally common and potentially quite widespread; has been overlooked because of its crepuscular behaviour. Documented... read more

Recommended citation

Fjeldså, J. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Bukidnon Woodcock (Scolopax bukidnonensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 26 February 2020).