Family Starlings (Sturnidae)

Least Concern

Burmese Myna (Acridotheres burmannicus)


French: Martin birman German: Burmamaina Spanish: Miná birmano

Sturnia burmannica


, 1862,

Thayetmyo, south-west Myanmar


Often placed in genus Sturnus, but appears behaviourally and vocally closer to present genus. Hitherto treated as conspecific with A. leucocephalus (which see). Monotypic.


Myanmar (from Myitkyina S to Rangoon#R) and S China (extreme SW Yunnan).

Descriptive notes

22 cm. Small myna with comparatively pale plumage, forehead and crown feathers hackled and elongate. Adult has forehead and crown dull white, upperparts greyish brown;... read more


Loud and harsh “chew-ii”, “tchew-iri-tchew-iri-tchieuw” and similar, also... read more


Open grassland, gardens and playing fields, cultivated areas and scrub, semi-desert, also large... read more

Food and feeding

Diet presumably includes fruit and insects. Forages on ground, and occasionally in trees. In pairs and small flocks. Gathers in large,... read more


Season Apr–Nov; multi-brooded. Nest a large untidy mass of vegetation, placed in hole in tree, under house eaves or in thatched roof... read more


Local movements suggested by variable occurrence in particular areas.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Fairly common to common in most of range; rare within tiny range in China. Has adapted well to man-modified habitats. Its numbers are... read more

Recommended citation

Craig, A., Feare, C. & Christie, D.A. (2019). Burmese Myna (Acridotheres burmannicus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 7 December 2019).