Sometimes placed in separate monotypic genus Speotyto on basis of morphological and karyotypic differences, but osteological features and DNA support inclusion in Athene. Some of the races described could reflect merely individual variation or intergrading populations, and thus probably not acceptable; e.g. apurensis often synonymized with carrikeri, and intermedia often with nanodes, while minor sometimes subsumed within brachyptera, and partridgei within nominate; subspecific taxa and delimitations require critical re-evaluation with modern systematic methods, although some certainly appear distinct. Twenty extant subspecies currently recognized.
Also (race undescribed) very locally in W & N Cuba and I of Pines.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!