Family Hornbills (Bucerotidae)

Near Threatened

Bushy-crested Hornbill (Anorrhinus galeritus)


French: Calao largup German: Kurzschopf-Hornvogel Spanish: Cálao crestado

Buceros galeritus


, 1831,

Pontianak, Borneo


Has been considered distinct from congeners and thus treated as sole member of genus (austeni and tickelli then placed in Ptilolaemus). Birds from S Myanmar and Malay Peninsula sometimes separated as race carinatus and those from Borneo as minor, but neither seems sufficiently distinct. Monotypic.


Extreme S Myanmar and S Thailand S through Peninsular Malaysia (including Pinang I) to Sumatra, and N Natuna Is and Borneo.

Descriptive notes

65–70 cm; 1134–1247 g. Medium-sized, dark brown hornbill with green sheen on back, grey-brown tail with broad black tip, and bare circumorbital region and throat... read more


Groups audible up to 1·6 km distant, uttering a somewhat gull-like, high-pitched communal... read more


Evergreen closed-canopy forest, at up to 1800 m on Sumatra and 1220 m in mainland SE Asia (once... read more

Food and feeding

Fruits; also cicadas and other insects, and lizards and frogs, with record of captive hornbill predating Oriental Magpie-robin (... read more


Lays at various times of year (Feb, May in Peninsular Malaysia, Jan, Mar, May–Jun, Aug–Sept, Dec on Borneo), when food abundant... read more


Sedentary and territorial, with no reports of movements other than dispersal of immatures.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. CITES II. Widespread, but only locally common, at densities of 1·2–5·6 km²/per group,... read more

Recommended citation

Kemp, A.C., Kirwan, G.M. & Sharpe, C.J. (2019). Bushy-crested Hornbill (Anorrhinus galeritus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 June 2019).