French: Alouette calandre German: Kalanderlerche Spanish: Calandria común
Pyrenees, Spain–France border
Subspecies and Distribution
M. c. calandra
(Linnaeus, 1766) – Iberia and France E to S Russia and NW Kazakhstan, S (including Mediterranean islands of Sardinia, Sicily, Cyprus) to NW Africa (N Morocco E to N Libya), Turkey (except SC & SE), Transcaucasia and NW Iran.
M. c. hebraica
R. Meinertzhagen, 1920 – SC Turkey and adjacent NW Syria S to Israel, Palestine and W Jordan.
M. c. gaza
R. Meinertzhagen, 1919 – SE Turkey, E Syria, Iraq and SW Iran.
M. c. psammochroa
E. J. O. Hartert, 1904 – N Iraq and N Iran (Zagros Mts E to Khorasan) E to Turkmenistan and S & E Kazakhstan. Partially migratory in winter to S Iran.
18–20 cm; male c. 54–73 g, female 44–66 g. Large, quite robust lark with deep-based heavy bill markedly downcurved on culmen, rather long broad-based wings... read more
Song, usually in flight but sometimes from ground, an extended medley of rolling trills mixed with... read more
Open plains, from steppes and pastures to extensive dry cereal cultivations; true steppe, with... read more
Food and feeding
Mainly insects during spring, and seeds and shoots in winter. Wide variety of invertebrates, dominated by grasshoppers (Acrididae) and... read more
Laying from early Apr to Jul (groups of males arrive in breeding areas in Feb–Mar); two broods per season. Monogamous. Solitary and... read more
Mediterranean populations chiefly resident, but outside breeding season wandering in flocks. E... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Common to very common in many parts of range; rare, and declining, in others. In Europe, populations concentrated mainly in Iberia and Russia;... read more
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