Family Rails, Gallinules, Coots (Rallidae)

Vulnerable

Calayan Rail (Gallirallus calayanensis)


Taxonomy

French: Râle de Calayan German: Calayanralle Spanish: Rascón de Calayán
Taxonomy:

Gallirallus calayanensis

D. Allen et al.

, 2004,

Longog, 300 m, Calayan Island, Philippines

.

A distinctive taxon. Genetic studies suggest a very isolated position, and placement in a new genus may be appropriate. Monotypic.

Distribution:

Calayan I, off N Luzon, in N Philippines.

Descriptive notes

c. 30 cm; 245 g. A dark and compact rail with rather long and deep-based bill. Plumage is mostly dark olive, with side of head and throat blackish, chin white, rump olive-... read more

Voice

Usual call a series of hoarse, staccato “ngeck” notes, repeated at rate of c. 7 per... read more

Habitat

Primary and secondary forest on coralline limestone.

Food and feeding

One stomach contained opercula of snails (Gastropoda), beetle (Coleoptera) fragments, and millipede (Diplopoda) rings. Forages by pecking... read more

Breeding

One nest with 3 eggs in Jun; nest on the ground at the base of a fig tree, loosely constructed with dried leaves and stems; eggs pale pink... read more

Movements

Sedentary.

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Restricted-range species: present in Batanes and Babuyan Islands Secondary Area. Has very small known range, within which its population likely very small;... read more

Recommended citation

Fjeldså, J. & de Juana, E. (2019). Calayan Rail (Gallirallus calayanensis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/204314 on 11 December 2019).